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Jannati A, Block G, Oberman LM, Rotenberg A, Pascual-Leone A (2017) Interindividual variability in response to continuous theta-burst stimulation in healthy adults. Clinical Neurophysiology, 128(11):2268-2278    
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• Cluster analysis can identify subpopulations in healthy adults with distinct cTBS responses. • MEP changes at 10 and 40 min post-cTBS best predicted the results of the cluster analysis. • Variability in cTBS response after 10 min was influenced by BDNF polymorphism and cTBS intensity
Abstract
Objective We used complete-linkage cluster analysis to identify healthy subpopulations with distinct responses to continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS). Methods 21 healthy adults (age ± SD, 36.9 ± 15.2 years) underwent cTBS of left motor cortex. Natural log-transformed motor evoked potentials (LnMEPs) at 5–50 min post-cTBS (T5–T50) were calculated. Results Two clusters were found; Group 1 (n = 12) that showed significant MEP facilitation at T15, T20, and T50 (p’s < 0.006), and Group 2 (n = 9) that showed significant suppression at T5–T15 (p’s < 0.022). LnMEPs at T10 and T40 were best predictors of, and together accounted for 80% of, cluster assignment. In an exploratory analysis, we examined the roles of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphisms in the cTBS response. Val66Met participants showed greater facilitation at T10 than Val66Val participants (p = 0.025). BDNF and cTBS intensity predicted 59% of interindividual variability in LnMEP at T10. APOE did not significantly affect LnMEPs at any time point (p’s > 0.32). Conclusions Data-driven cluster analysis can identify healthy subpopulations with distinct cTBS responses. T10 and T40 LnMEPs were best predictors of cluster assignment. T10 LnMEP was influenced by BDNF polymorphism and cTBS intensity. Significance Healthy adults can be sorted into subpopulations with distinct cTBS responses that are influenced by genetics